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[/news/london/index.html London] is the third-most monitored city in the world and the only one in the top 10 outside [/news/china/index.html China], a new study says. <br>The UK capital has nearly 630,000 surveillance cameras, or 67 cameras for every 1,000 people - a higher level of monitoring than in Beijing, Shanghai or [/news/hong-kong/index.html Hong Kong]. <br>Only the Chinese cities of Taiyuan and Wuxi are more extensively watched than London, while the UK capital's closest rivals outside China are the Indian cities of Hyderabad and Chennai followed by Baghdad and Moscow. <br>The study by [ ]found no other city in Western Europe even close to London, where police are rolling out the use of facial recognition technology which critics have called a 'China-style mass surveillance tool'. <br>However, the study also found that 'more cameras don't necessarily reduce crime rates' with London's crime levels higher than those in less-monitored Berlin. <br>Experts say London's CCTV network grew rapidly during the 1990s when London faced threats from the IRA and both major parties were jostling to be seen as tough on crime. <br>Britain has also seen a boom in privately-owned CCTV cameras, which are now thought to outnumber public surveillance cameras by as much as 70 to 1.   <br>         This chart shows the world's top 10 most-monitored cities, measured by the number of CCTV cameras per 1,000 people.<br><br>London is third in the world by this measure, the only city outside China to make the top 10 <br>CCTV was first used temporarily in London during the Queen's coronation in 1953 and started to be installed permanently in the 1960s. <br>Since then the city has frequently been a target for terrorists ranging from the IRA in the 1980s and 1990s to more recent attacks by Islamic extremists.   <br>London has also faced the threats of hooliganism at its many sports grounds as well as crime on one of the world's most extensive public transport networks.   <br>A 2017 report by the Police Foundation said the 1993 murder of James Bulger in Liverpool, who was shown on CCTV being led away from his mother by his two 10-year-old killers, 'undoubtedly' fuelled support for more surveillance in the UK. <br>Before the Bulger killing, CCTV had mostly been used against traffic offenders but the case illustrated how it could be used more widely, the Police Foundation said. <br>  RELATED ARTICLES [# Previous] [# 1] [# Next]    [/news/article-8556665/Are-Englands-coronavirus-cases-creeping-up.html  Are England's coronavirus cases creeping up? Official data...] [/news/article-8556371/Care-home-outbreaks-Covid-like-illnesses-highest-month-PHE-data-shows.html Outbreaks of Covid-like illnesses in care homes are at their...] [/news/article-8555817/France-Norway-threaten-CLOSE-border-Spain-soaring-coronavirus-cases.html  Europe starts to cut off Spain amid fears of second wave:...]    <br><br><br><br>Share this article<br>Share<br><br><br>The growth in CCTV has also been linked to both major parties' desire to be seen as tough on crime, especially during the 1990s when then-opposition leader Tony Blair was trying to reform Labour's image. <br>'The populist view has consistently been that only criminals, or those with something to hide, would contest an [http://www.medcheck-up.com/?s=increase increase] in the use of cameras,' the report argued. <br>The Information Commissioner's Office has said that the Home Office spent 78 per cent of its crime prevention budget on installing CCTV during the 1990s. <br>More cameras were installed ahead of the London 2012 Olympic Games, just weeks after the Queen's Diamond Jubilee which also required heavy security.  <br>The Metropolitan Police said in 2018 that it owns only 3,000 cameras on the sides of buildings, saying that Transport for London is responsible for more CCTV than them.<br>However, the Met announced in January that they would begin the operational use of live facial recognition (LFR) cameras in London. <br>First used in the capital at the Notting Hill carnival in 2016, the cameras will alert police when they spot anyone on 'wanted' lists. <br>       A CCTV camera in London - where police are experimenting with the use of facial recognition technology which critics say is a 'China-style surveillance tool'<br>The campaign group Big Brother Watch said last month that the use of live facial recognition was 'one of the most serious threats to civil liberties of recent years'. <br>'This China-style mass surveillance tool risks turning CCTV cameras into biometric checkpoints and citizens into walking ID cards,' they said.  <br>London transport bosses first experimented with CCTV while building the Victoria Line in the 1960s. From the 1970s onwards, it became a convenient way to phase out train guards on the Underground because drivers could monitor what was happening on CCTV. <br>The Tube network now has 13,000 cameras of its own, not including 700 on the Docklands Light Railway and 600 on the London Overground. London's thousands of buses have also been fitted with their own surveillance systems since the 1980s.    <br>Today, much of London's suite of surveillance cameras is operated by private owners in their households or cars. <br>CCTV manufacturers can self-certify that their equipment is safe from cyber attack and companies offer home surveillance systems for less than £1,000. <br>UK regulations say that data protection laws do not apply if the cameras cover only a person's private property, including their garden. <br>A 2015 study found that privately owned CCTV cameras may outnumber public ones by as much as 70 to 1 across the UK.    <br>Comparitech says it is not fully clear how many privately-owned systems are included in the estimate of 627,727 surveillance cameras across London.  <br>        A map of some of China's most-monitored cities, although figures show Beijing has fewer CCTV cameras per head than London does<br>         more videos    [# ]  [# 1]  [# 2]  [# 3]  [# ]          [/video/news/video-2218786/Video-says-COVID-like-one-big-wave-seasonal.html  Watch video WHO says COVID is like 'one big wave' rather than seasonal]  [/video/news/video-2219614/Video-Wiley-blames-Jewish-lawyers-systemic-racism-against-black-artists.html  Watch video Wiley blames Jewish lawyers for 'racism' against black artists]  [/video/news/video-2219720/Video-Three-inmates-help-save-guards-life-Georgia-jail.html  Watch video Three inmates help to save a guards life in Georgia jail]  [/video/news/video-2219540/Video-Harrowing-footage-shows-goats-punched-abused-UK-farm.html  Watch video Harrowing footage shows goats being punched and abused on UK farm]      [/video/news/video-2219154/Video-Father-confronts-migrants-climbing-car-roof-box-holiday.html  Watch video Father confronts migrants climbing out of car roof box on holiday]  [/video/news/video-2219710/Video-6-year-old-miraculously-survives-100ft-waterfall-plunge.html  Watch video 6-year-old miraculously survives 100ft waterfall plunge]  [/video/news/video-2219596/Video-Heartbreaking-footage-tiny-baby-dolphin-struggling-swim.html  Watch video Heartbreaking footage of tiny baby dolphin struggling to swim]  [/video/news/video-2219368/Video-Motor-cyclist-cheats-death-cartwheeling-car-park.html  Watch video Motorcyclist cheats death after cartwheeling across car park]      [/video/news/video-2219658/Video-Neguse-accuses-Zuckerberg-turning-Facebook-monopoly.html  Watch video Neguse accuses Zuckerberg of turning Facebook into a monopoly]  [/video/news/video-2219184/Video-Sea-otter-jumps-boat-safety-escaping-orca.html  Watch video Sea otter jumps onto a boat for safety after escaping orca]  [/video/news/video-2218712/Video-Heartwarming-moment-new-dad-surprises-parents-twins.html  Watch video Heartwarming moment new dad surprises his parents with twins]  [/video/news/video-2219652/Video-Mother-stillborn-baby-talks-tragedy-decades-on.html  Watch video Mother of stillborn baby talks of tragedy decades on]        <br><br>DM.later('bundle', function()<br>DM.molFeCarousel.init('#p-31', 'channelCarousel', <br>"activeClass" : "wocc",<br>"pageCount" : "3.0",<br>"pageSize" : 1,<br>"onPos": 0,<br>"updateStyleOnHover": true<br>);<br>);<br>Outside China, London's closest surveillance rivals are the Indian cities of Hyderabad (with 30 cameras per 1,000 people) and Chennai (with 26), followed by Baghdad (17) and Moscow (15). <br>Berlin is London's closest rival in Western Europe, but the figure is only 17,464 cameras for 3.5million people or one for every five residents. <br>Germany's privacy laws are notoriously strict and the government has warned that GDPR data regulations are a further restriction on private surveillance.  <br>Madrid,  [https://www.kynghidongduong.vn/tours/tour-bali-tour-du-lich-bali-indonesia-4-ngay-3-dem-tu-ha-noi-tu-sai-gon-hcm-may-bay.html kynghidongduong.vn] Milan and Paris all have similar levels of surveillance to Berlin, a long way below that which is seen in London. <br>Some other global megacities barely register in the table, including Sao Paulo with only 0.22 cameras per 1,000 people or one for every 4,500.  <br>China accounts for all but two of the top 20 places, with the most-monitored city - Taiyuan - having 120 cameras for every 1,000 people. <br>Taiyuan has upped its use of surveillance cameras quite significantly with 380,000 cameras being added in 2015 as part of its Skynet project, Comparitech says. <br>The study also found that there was only 'barely' a correlation between the number of cameras and a city's crime rate. <br>For example, London's crime rate is measured slightly higher than that in Berlin despite its vastly greater surveillance network. <br>'Broadly speaking, more cameras doesn't necessarily reduce crime rates,' the report said.  <br>Comparitech editor Paul Bischoff warned that China could use recent diplomatic rows over Hong Kong and the Uighur people to install even more surveillance.<br>Beijing is facing growing criticism over its tough new national security law in Hong Kong and its imprisonment of Uighur people in Xinjiang.  <br>'I don't think the international backlash over Hong Kong, Uighurs, and coronavirus will deter the PRC from adopting more CCTV surveillance and face recognition,' Bischoff said. <br>'In fact, these issues could serve as justification for even more CCTV surveillance.<br><br>Chinese authorities believe Hong Kong threatens sovereignty, Uighurs threaten national security, and coronavirus threatens public health. <br>'They could make an argument that more CCTV surveillance and face recognition can help curb all of these threats. <br>'But as these supposed threats come and go, the cameras will remain, and  [https://www.kynghidongduong.vn/tours/tour-bali-tour-du-lich-bali-indonesia-4-ngay-3-dem-tu-ha-noi-tu-sai-gon-hcm-may-bay.html tour bali] China has few checks in place to reign in how authorities use them to restrict freedom of movement and assembly.' <br>          more videos    [# ]  [# 1]  [# 2]  [# 3]  [# ]          [/video/news/video-2218786/Video-says-COVID-like-one-big-wave-seasonal.html  Watch video WHO says COVID is like 'one big wave' rather than seasonal]  [/video/news/video-2219614/Video-Wiley-blames-Jewish-lawyers-systemic-racism-against-black-artists.html  Watch video Wiley blames Jewish lawyers for 'racism' against black artists]  [/video/news/video-2219720/Video-Three-inmates-help-save-guards-life-Georgia-jail.html  Watch video Three inmates help to save a guards life in Georgia jail]  [/video/news/video-2219540/Video-Harrowing-footage-shows-goats-punched-abused-UK-farm.html  Watch video Harrowing footage shows goats being punched and abused on UK farm]      [/video/news/video-2219154/Video-Father-confronts-migrants-climbing-car-roof-box-holiday.html  Watch video Father confronts migrants climbing out of car roof box on holiday]  [/video/news/video-2219710/Video-6-year-old-miraculously-survives-100ft-waterfall-plunge.html  Watch video 6-year-old miraculously survives 100ft waterfall plunge]  [/video/news/video-2219596/Video-Heartbreaking-footage-tiny-baby-dolphin-struggling-swim.html  Watch video Heartbreaking footage of tiny baby dolphin struggling to swim]  [/video/news/video-2219368/Video-Motor-cyclist-cheats-death-cartwheeling-car-park.html  Watch video Motorcyclist cheats death after cartwheeling across car park]      [/video/news/video-2219658/Video-Neguse-accuses-Zuckerberg-turning-Facebook-monopoly.html  Watch video Neguse accuses Zuckerberg of turning Facebook into a monopoly]  [/video/news/video-2219184/Video-Sea-otter-jumps-boat-safety-escaping-orca.html  Watch video Sea otter jumps onto a boat for safety after escaping orca]  [/video/news/video-2218712/Video-Heartwarming-moment-new-dad-surprises-parents-twins.html  Watch video Heartwarming moment new dad surprises his parents with twins]  [/video/news/video-2219652/Video-Mother-stillborn-baby-talks-tragedy-decades-on.html  Watch video Mother of stillborn baby talks of tragedy decades on]        <br><br>DM.later('bundle', function()<br>DM.molFeCarousel.init('#p-32', 'channelCarousel', <br>"activeClass" : "wocc",<br>"pageCount" : "3.0",<br>"pageSize" : 1,<br>"onPos": 0,<br>"updateStyleOnHover": true<br>);<br>);<br><div class="art-ins mol-factbox news" data-version="2" id="mol-9805a7a0-cdba-11ea-89bb-81be0db7ab8e" website is third most monitored city in the world
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[/news/china/index.html China] has accused Australia of a 'grave violation of international law' as it steps up its [http://www.glamour.de/content/search/?SearchText=ongoing%20feud ongoing feud] with the west over new national security laws that target pro-democracy protesters in [/news/hong-kong/index.html Hong Kong].<br>At the same time, the US has praised Australia for 'standing up for democratic values' and not 'bowing to Beijing's wishes'. <br>Foreign Minister Marise Payne and [/news/ben-wallace/index.html Defence Minister] Linda Reynolds met with President [/news/donald_trump/index.html Donald Trump]'s top diplomat Secretary of State Mike Pompeo, and US Secretary of Defense Mark Esper on Tuesday as part of the 30th Australia-US Ministerial Consultations in Washington. <br>         Donald Trump's top diplomat Secretary of State Mike Pompeo (pictured) praised Australia for standing up to Beijing<br>         Australian Foreign Minister Marise Payne (left) and US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo (right) are pictured together as they meet for  [https://www.kynghidongduong.vn/tours/tour-du-lich-trung-khanh-cuu-trai-cau-thanh-do-ha-noi-sai-gon.html tour cửu trại câu giá rẻ] the 30th Australia-US Ministerial Consultations in Washington<br>The growing rift between five-eyes nations and China was the top of the agenda for the high-level talks.<br>'We started this morning by talking at length about the Chinese Communist Party's maline activity in the Indo Pacific region and indeed all around the world,' Mr Pompeo said.<br>'The United States commends the Morrison government for standing up for democratic values and the rule of law despite intense, continued, coercive pressure from the Chinese Communist Party to bow to Beijing's wishes,' he said.<br>'It is unacceptable for Beijing to use [http://search.usa.gov/search?affiliate=usagov&query=exports exports] or student fees as a cajole against Australia.<br>'We stand with our Australian friends.'<br>               Mr Pompeo commended Scott Morrison (pictured) and his government for standing up for democratic values and the rule of law despite intense, continued, coercive pressure from the Chinese Communist Party<br>Tensions between Canberra and Beijing have escalated significantly since Mr Morrison called for an independent international inquiry into the origins of the coronavirus pandemic back in April.<br>Since then, China has brought in harsh trade tariffs which hit Australian farmers,  [https://www.kynghidongduong.vn/tours/tour-du-lich-trung-khanh-cuu-trai-cau-thanh-do-ha-noi-sai-gon.html kynghidongduong.vn] including an 80 per cent tariff on barley and threatened further boycotts of Australian products.<br>More recently, China's sweeping national security laws to stamp out pro-democracy protesters in Hong Kong has resulted in condemnation from Australia.<br>   RELATED ARTICLES  [# Previous] [# 1] [# Next]    [/news/article-8465715/The-secret-role-Chinese-journalists-Australia.html  The secret role of Chinese journalists in Australia | Daily Mail Online] [/news/article-8570033/Is-Donald-Trump-taking-convention-speech-venue.html  Is Donald Trump taking his convention speech to a THIRD...]    <br><br><br><br>Share this article<br>Share<br><br><br>Mr Morrion announced Australia would tear up its extradition agreement with the former British colony earlier this month.<br>He said the legislation undermined 'Hong Kong's own basic law' and could lead to arbitrary imprisonment for critics of the Chinese Communist Party.<br>Canada and the UK also suspended their extradition agreements with the financial hub and in the past 24 hours New Zealand has done the same.<br><br>The US is also expected to follow suit.<br>        Tensions between Canberra and Beijing have escalated significantly since Mr Morrison called for an independent international inquiry into the origins of the coronavirus pandemic back in April.<br><br>Pictured: Chinese President Xi Jinping<br>        The People's Liberation Army are pictured at a military parade at Zhurihe training base in China<br>The action sparked outrage in Beijing, who have accused western nations of 'interfering' in internal Chinese affairs. <br>China has now suspended their own extradition treaties with Australia, Canada and Britain in a tit-for-tat response and sent a stark warning to New Zealand.<br>         The spokesperson of the Chinese Ministry of Foreign Affairs Wang Wenbin is pictured<br>'The wrong action of Canada, Australia and [https://www.kynghidongduong.vn/tours/tour-du-lich-trung-khanh-cuu-trai-cau-thanh-do-ha-noi-sai-gon.html tour cửu trại câu giá rẻ] the UK in politicising judicial cooperation with Hong Kong has seriously hurt the basis of judicial cooperation,' China's foreign ministry spokesman Wang Wenbin said at a press briefing.<br>'China has decided to suspend extradition treaties between Hong Kong and Canada, Australia and the UK, as well as criminal justice cooperation agreements.'<br>He accused the democratic countries of having used the national security law as 'an excuse to unilaterally announce the suspension of extradition treaties' with Hong Kong.<br>Wang urged New Zealand to immediately redress its mistake or it would face consequences.<br>With the spat continuing to simmer, Australia is expected to carry out Freedom of Navigation Exercises with the US in the South China Sea - a move that will further anger Beijing. <br>        A protester holds up a placard as riot police surround him inside a shopping mall during a rally on July 21, 2020 in Hong Kong<br>         Hong Kong's youngest lawmaker and former Umbrella Movement leader Nathan Law is detained by police <br>        Pro-democracy protesters in Hong Kong are surrounded by riot police during a news conference<br>China claims the busy shipping lane rich in fishing and natural gas reserves as its territory, although Australia, the US and others nations, dispute the claim under international law.<br>In previous years, Australia has been reluctant to antagonise China over the issue, but with relations now at rock bottom Morrison's government is looking to push back against the authoritarian regime however no official confirmation has been made about potential naval exercises with the US.<br>'COVID-19 has without doubt exacerbated the security challenges in our regions.'Some countries are using the pandemic to undermine liberal democracies,' Ms Payne said.<br>'We reiterate our commitment to holding states to account when they breach international norms and laws, as we have done and will continue to do so in relation to China's erosion of freedoms in Hong Kong.<br>'We will step up and make sure we support our mates.'<br>US Defence Secretary Mark Esper reiterated the statement's made by Ms Payne and said Australian and the US will not back down to Beijing.<br>'We will fly, we will sail, and we will operate wherever international law allows, and we will defend the rights of our allies and partners to do the same,' he said.<br><div class="art-ins mol-factbox news" data-version="2" id="mol-81300060-d135-11ea-a4de-efeeb4cb618e" website US praises Australia for standing up against China

Revision as of 17:23, 1 August 2020

[/news/china/index.html China] has accused Australia of a 'grave violation of international law' as it steps up its ongoing feud with the west over new national security laws that target pro-democracy protesters in [/news/hong-kong/index.html Hong Kong].
At the same time, the US has praised Australia for 'standing up for democratic values' and not 'bowing to Beijing's wishes'. 
Foreign Minister Marise Payne and [/news/ben-wallace/index.html Defence Minister] Linda Reynolds met with President [/news/donald_trump/index.html Donald Trump]'s top diplomat Secretary of State Mike Pompeo, and US Secretary of Defense Mark Esper on Tuesday as part of the 30th Australia-US Ministerial Consultations in Washington. 
Donald Trump's top diplomat Secretary of State Mike Pompeo (pictured) praised Australia for standing up to Beijing
Australian Foreign Minister Marise Payne (left) and US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo (right) are pictured together as they meet for tour cửu trại câu giá rẻ the 30th Australia-US Ministerial Consultations in Washington
The growing rift between five-eyes nations and China was the top of the agenda for the high-level talks.
'We started this morning by talking at length about the Chinese Communist Party's maline activity in the Indo Pacific region and indeed all around the world,' Mr Pompeo said.
'The United States commends the Morrison government for standing up for democratic values and the rule of law despite intense, continued, coercive pressure from the Chinese Communist Party to bow to Beijing's wishes,' he said.
'It is unacceptable for Beijing to use exports or student fees as a cajole against Australia.
'We stand with our Australian friends.'
Mr Pompeo commended Scott Morrison (pictured) and his government for standing up for democratic values and the rule of law despite intense, continued, coercive pressure from the Chinese Communist Party
Tensions between Canberra and Beijing have escalated significantly since Mr Morrison called for an independent international inquiry into the origins of the coronavirus pandemic back in April.
Since then, China has brought in harsh trade tariffs which hit Australian farmers, kynghidongduong.vn including an 80 per cent tariff on barley and threatened further boycotts of Australian products.
More recently, China's sweeping national security laws to stamp out pro-democracy protesters in Hong Kong has resulted in condemnation from Australia.
RELATED ARTICLES [# Previous] [# 1] [# Next] [/news/article-8465715/The-secret-role-Chinese-journalists-Australia.html The secret role of Chinese journalists in Australia | Daily Mail Online] [/news/article-8570033/Is-Donald-Trump-taking-convention-speech-venue.html Is Donald Trump taking his convention speech to a THIRD...]



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Mr Morrion announced Australia would tear up its extradition agreement with the former British colony earlier this month.
He said the legislation undermined 'Hong Kong's own basic law' and could lead to arbitrary imprisonment for critics of the Chinese Communist Party.
Canada and the UK also suspended their extradition agreements with the financial hub and in the past 24 hours New Zealand has done the same.

The US is also expected to follow suit.
Tensions between Canberra and Beijing have escalated significantly since Mr Morrison called for an independent international inquiry into the origins of the coronavirus pandemic back in April.

Pictured: Chinese President Xi Jinping
The People's Liberation Army are pictured at a military parade at Zhurihe training base in China
The action sparked outrage in Beijing, who have accused western nations of 'interfering' in internal Chinese affairs. 
China has now suspended their own extradition treaties with Australia, Canada and Britain in a tit-for-tat response and sent a stark warning to New Zealand.
The spokesperson of the Chinese Ministry of Foreign Affairs Wang Wenbin is pictured
'The wrong action of Canada, Australia and tour cửu trại câu giá rẻ the UK in politicising judicial cooperation with Hong Kong has seriously hurt the basis of judicial cooperation,' China's foreign ministry spokesman Wang Wenbin said at a press briefing.
'China has decided to suspend extradition treaties between Hong Kong and Canada, Australia and the UK, as well as criminal justice cooperation agreements.'
He accused the democratic countries of having used the national security law as 'an excuse to unilaterally announce the suspension of extradition treaties' with Hong Kong.
Wang urged New Zealand to immediately redress its mistake or it would face consequences.
With the spat continuing to simmer, Australia is expected to carry out Freedom of Navigation Exercises with the US in the South China Sea - a move that will further anger Beijing. 
A protester holds up a placard as riot police surround him inside a shopping mall during a rally on July 21, 2020 in Hong Kong
Hong Kong's youngest lawmaker and former Umbrella Movement leader Nathan Law is detained by police
Pro-democracy protesters in Hong Kong are surrounded by riot police during a news conference
China claims the busy shipping lane rich in fishing and natural gas reserves as its territory, although Australia, the US and others nations, dispute the claim under international law.
In previous years, Australia has been reluctant to antagonise China over the issue, but with relations now at rock bottom Morrison's government is looking to push back against the authoritarian regime however no official confirmation has been made about potential naval exercises with the US.
'COVID-19 has without doubt exacerbated the security challenges in our regions.'Some countries are using the pandemic to undermine liberal democracies,' Ms Payne said.
'We reiterate our commitment to holding states to account when they breach international norms and laws, as we have done and will continue to do so in relation to China's erosion of freedoms in Hong Kong.
'We will step up and make sure we support our mates.'
US Defence Secretary Mark Esper reiterated the statement's made by Ms Payne and said Australian and the US will not back down to Beijing.
'We will fly, we will sail, and we will operate wherever international law allows, and we will defend the rights of our allies and partners to do the same,' he said.
<div class="art-ins mol-factbox news" data-version="2" id="mol-81300060-d135-11ea-a4de-efeeb4cb618e" website US praises Australia for standing up against China